Freud, Jung and Skinner qualities TheoriesSigmund Freud, b. m. Skinner, And Carl Jung each had different outlooks on how we develop individual a unique character. in order to B. ver. Skinner we can explain variations in individual personalities without traits but based on each persons individual histories and experiences with punishment and reinforcement. <Davis>Palladino 2007] Skinner who was strongly prompted by Edward Thorndike and John B. Watson believed in behaviorism as a theory of identity.
Skinner sought to pinpoint the stimuli that could control behavior. By using bad and good reinforcement Skinner was able to condition his subjects under the basis that reinforcement makes it more likely that the target behavior will occur more often. Skinner explained further behaviors with another form of operant conditioning called shaping.
Shaping is done by withholding reinforcement until the subjects behavior gets closer to the target response. Critics of behaviorism may find that it seems to say that we are all activities like inner voices sitting back while our behavior and environment control everything.
However no one can dismiss the fact that for many of us our histories and past experiences have somehow influenced our present situations and attitudes, other than others.
Sigmund Freud was a neurologist that developed a theory on psyche (Psychodynamic basic principle) That emphasized other than conscious factors. the usual concepts of Freud's theory are Psychic determinism, instincts, And levels of recognition. Psychic determinism is the influence the past has on the previous.
instincts, The running forces within us, Two of which Freud purported. Eros for life giving and pleasure producing hobbies including sex, And thanatos for aggression and break down. The three levels of attention were conscious, Referring to your overall thoughts and desires you're currently aware of; Preconscious which are usually thoughts and emotions waiting to be pulled into the conscious; And the spontaneous which consists of thoughts and feelings we are not even aware of having.
Freud believed the unconscious was collection of socket wrenches because it drove many of our behaviors without our conscious knowledge.
Freud believed there were three separate but toddler experience areas of the <a href=https://ukrainianwomen.home.blog/2019/06/11/typical-ukrainian-women/>russian babes</a> mind <david>2007].
Id which is the primitive biological side of our personalities, to be able to Freud's theory it is selfish, Seeking only pleasure it has no need or concern for others or society. The Id entirely unconscious and operates on the pleasure principal.
The Ego which is the area that reins in the Id's relentless demands for instant satisfaction. Freud believed it operated on the reality principal it handles the realistic planning for executing the Id's wishes. The ego is able to tolerate delay and irritation.
The Superego is the moralistic and idealistic area which punishes warning signs that violate society's rules with guilt or anxiety, And rewards behavior meeting idealistic what you had envisioned. It aims for which is correct and ideal. <Davis>2007]
Freud proposed that each personality develops through stages <a href=https://ukrainianwomen.home.blog/2019/06/11/typical-ukrainian-women/>russian ladies</a> from infancy to adulthood.
The oral factor from birth to 18 months
The anal stage end of oral to 3 a few years
Phallic (genital area) Stage end of anal to 6 time
Latency stage end of phallic stage to start of puberty
Genital stage adolescence to adulthood
Freud called these stages psycho sexual levels. Many of Freud's critics refused to believe that such younger children could be sexual creatures. Some might even consider that his personal childhood may have played a part in Freud's emphasis on sexuality. Freud grew up during the victorian times, A time when sex was not openly discussed it depends he sought to bring sexuality out into the open.
One Freud critic notably was Carl Jung, Who developed his own psycho dynamic standpoint. because Freud, Jung believed in a many times life force, Without a strong focus on sexuality. Jung emphasized the future and the subconscious even more so than Freud. Suggested a collective unconscious which contained images shared by all people. He labelled as these archetypes, Which are passed along genetically and cause us to respond to types in different ways. <Davis>Palladino 2007]
few of the archetypes Jung proposed were the persona (Mask of true outlook), Anima moreover animas (Feminine and masculine quality), darkness (Basic instincts or dark side of the unique character), And person (Part that provides unity and stability among the different aspects of personality.
Jung also proposed the very idea of introversion and extroversion; individuals who are introverts are focused inward on themselves while extroverts are focused outwards in their environment. <Davis>Palladino 2007].
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